HRD to soon take call on compulsory CBSE class X board exam, says Prakash Javadekar


Union HRD minister, Prakash Javadekar addressing the 64th Meeting of Central Advisory Board of Education, in New Delhi on Tuesday. (PTI Photo)Union HRD minister, Prakash Javadekar addressing the 64th Meeting of Central Advisory Board of Education, in N… Read More
NEW DELHI: The Union HRD ministry will soon take a call on whether the Class X board examination should be made compulsory for students of CBSE schools.

Speaking to reporters after the 64th CABE meeting on Tuesday, HRD minister Prakash Javadekar said that many state boards are already conducting Class X exams.

“Since the matter relates to Class X exams for CBSE, which comes under the HRD ministry, we will soon take a decision in this regard separately,” Javadekar said when asked if any decision related to Class X board exams was taken today.

There were reports that a decision regarding the compulsory CBSE Class X board examinations, which was scrapped in 2010 in order to reduce pressure on students, is likely to be reintroduced.

Javadekar, however, suggested that the Board exams, if they are introduced may be brought in only from the next session.

In the education sector, changes are generally made with regard to the upcoming session, he said.

Sources suggested while there is a view in the ministry in favour of making the CBSE class X examination compulsory, a final decision may be taken in consultation with the CBSE.

A press release issued by the HRD ministry after the CABE meeting also mentioned that a presentation on Compulsory Board examination in class X was also made.

Admit cards now available, download here

  • CAT 2016: Admit cards now available, download here

    New Delhi: The admit cards for the Common Admission Test (CAT) 2016 were released on Monday at 1 pm.

    Candidates can download the CAT admit card from the official website –

    The examination, scheduled to be held on December 4, will be conducted by the Indian Institute of Management – Bangalore (IIM-B).

    Steps to download CAT 2016 admit card:

    Visit the official website:

  • Click on the link ‘CAT 2016 admit cards’
  • Enter the required details
  • Download the admit card
  • Take a print out

The IIM-B has received 2,32,434 applications this year.

HRD Ministry should be renamed Education Ministry

HRD Ministry should be renamed Education Ministry: Sisodia

New Delhi: Delhi Education Minister Manish Sisodia on Tuesday proposed that the name of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) should be changed to the Ministry of Education.

Sisodia also asked the central government to increase the budget for education.

Sisodia’s proposals came during the meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education, which was attended by Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar and education ministers of many states.

“It is unfortunate that there is no Union Education Ministry in our nation. We currently have an HRD ministry. The name of HRD ministry should be changed to Education Ministry as the HRD is just a part of it,” Sisodia said.

In the meeting, Sisodia also proposed extension of Right to Education (RTE) Act to children who do not fall in the six to 14 years age bracket.

The RTE Act provides free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to 14 years as a Fundamental Right.

Sisodia reiterated his demand for complete scrapping of “no detention policy”.

Under the no-detention policy, the students up to Class 8 are automatically promoted to the next class without being held back even if they do not get a passing grade in their examinations.

During the meeting, Sisodia proposed increased focus on early childhood learning and called for setting up of a world class university for the training of teachers.

Preparation tips, exam pattern for MBA entrance tests

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Graduate students across the country interested in Masters in Business Administration (MBA) programmes are gearing up for various entrance exams such the Common Aptitude Test (CAT), Xaviers Admission Test (XAT), NMAT by GMAC and Symbiosis National Aptitude Test (SNAP), among many others. Most students prepare for only CAT as they want to enter the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) but are left clueless as to how to prepare for any of the other tests. Given here are the exam patterns of XAT, NMAT by GMAC and SNAP to help students prepare for the upcoming exams.

Students are recommended to broaden their options and not write only CAT. There are so many other good business schools in India, including XLRI, Jamshedpur, NMIMS Mumbai, S P Jain, IIFT Delhi etc. You should have a larger basket of “good” options to choose from. So write XAT , IIFT, NMAT by GMAC and SNAP too.  If you are prepared for CAT you are pretty much prepared for most of the other management entrance tests (OMETs). Here are the preparation tips for few of the OMETs.


For more than 60 years, XLRI has conducted its admission test on an all-India level to select the most appropriate students for management education. Their long experience and expertise have helped them in extending this test to other management institutes as well.

This year, there are more than 130 management institutes who will be selecting students through XAT. XLRI – Jamshedpur, S. P. Jain Institute of Management & Research (SPJIMR), Mumbai, IRMA Anand, IMT-Ghaziabad, TAPMI-Manipal, IFMR-Chennai, Great Lakes-Chennai, Welingkar-Mumbai, LIBA-Chennai and XIM-B Bhubaneshwar are some of the institutes selecting candidates through XAT.

XAT 2017 will be on a similar pattern like the last few years. It will have four sections: (i) Verbal and Logical Ability (ii) Decision Making (iii) Quantitative Ability and Data Interpretation (iv) General Knowledge.

The marks of General Knowledge section will not be used for determining the percentile and cut off at first stage of selection. The Critical Reasoning questions based on arguments, assumptions, course of action and forcefulness of the statements are also the part of XAT. Sufficient practice will help students revise concepts.

For the English language part, it would be advisable for students to revise concepts pertaining to RC, sentence correction, vocabulary based questions (confused words), para formation, logical reasoning questions (especially on identifying argument structure and argument elements and inference based questions). Students should also focus on figures of speech as there have been questions on identifying metaphors, oxymorons, personification, etc. in previous years’ XAT papers.

The RC passages in XAT are often based on ‘off-beat’ topics (passages included subjects such as psychology, science and sociology). For the section on Quantitative Ability, a good preparation for CAT should be more than sufficient. Though it must be added that some of the questions in XAT tend to be pretty tricky and it would be advisable for students to be very judicious while attempting questions. It would also be advisable for students to brush up on their speed maths concepts as some of the questions in Data Interpretation tend to be calculation intensive.

For preparation on General Awareness, in addition to reading newspapers regularly, it would be advisable for a student to focus more on issues related to business, economics and politics related to business environment.


The exam is conducted for admission to MBA/PGDM programmes offered by NMIMS. NMAT is a computer based exam. This year, the test window is from October 7, 2016 to December 20, 2016.

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Note- there is no negative marking. Applicants can take a maximum of three attempts at NMAT during the test window. NMIMS has a provision for sectional cut offs. Most of the other b-schools accepting NMAT scores do not have this provision.

Except for the Logical Reasoning section, you can cover all other sections of NMAT well with a good preparation for CAT. However, it would be advisable to work on your speed mathematics as some of the questions under Data Interpretation tend to be calculation intensive. Also, 120 questions in120 minutes means that the candidate needs to be really quick in solving questions.

The questions in reasoning section of NMAT are:

1. Series, analogies, odd man out, coding & decoding, symbols & notations and missing numbers in figures.Analytical puzzles (linear arrangement, circular arrangement, distribution, comparisons and selections)

2. Analytical puzzles (linear arrangement, circular arrangement, distribution, comparisons and selections)Critical reasoning (assumptions, conclusions, inferences, strong & weak arguments, courses of action, cause & effect, assertions and reasons, deductions, input/output, decision making) and Venn diagrams

3. Critical reasoning (assumptions, conclusions, inferences, strong & weak arguments, courses of action, cause & effect, assertions and reasons, deductions, input/output, decision making) and Venn diagrams

Read: MBA India vs MBA abroad


The Symbiosis National Aptitude (SNAP) Test is a common written test for admission to all the Post-Graduate Institutes of Symbiosis International University. A written test is mandatory for admission into any PG programme offered by the constituent institute of Symbiosis International University.

SNAP 2015 followed a familiar test pattern and composition that has been witnessed in earlier years. The overall difficulty level of the test was lower compared to last year. The broad distribution of the test was as follows:

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The total duration of the test was 120 minutes and it comprised of 150 questions overall. The Logical Reasoning section had only 30 questions with two marks per question as against 40 one-mark questions in each of the remaining sections.

For the section on General English, students should focus on idioms and idiomatic expressions and on parts of speech in grammar. Apart from this, a good CAT preparation would suffice.

For the section on Logical Reasoning, it would be advisable for students to revise concepts pertaining to puzzles, number and letter series, verbal analogies, coding and decoding, strengthening and weakening arguments, and non-verbal reasoning.

For the section on Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation and Data Sufficiency sections, a good preparation for CAT should be more than sufficient.

For the section on General Awareness, it would be advisable for students to brush up concepts and facts pertaining to definitions (dendrochronology, ekistics etc.), economy, acronyms, history, sport, science & technology and current affairs.

All the best!

Too stretched, can’t increase BTech seats, 7 IITs tell HRD Ministry

prakash javadekar, iit, B.Tech seats, IIT college, HRD Ministry, IIT students, iit hostels, iit stay, iit residential, iit hostel admission, iit seats, education newsIn 2008, before the quota was introduced, there were about 4,000 undergraduate seats among these seven institutions. Now, together, they account for close to 6,500 seats.

CITING stretched resources — from infrastructure to faculty — the seven older Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kharagpur, Kanpur, Madras and Roorkee, have not agreed to add more seats to their four-year Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) programmes as proposed by the government at the IIT Council meeting held on August 23.

In fact, only the second-generation IITs in Hyderabad, Mandi, Ropar, Patna (set up by the UPA government) and IIT Jammu established by NDA II will increase their undergraduate student strength from next year. Currently, there are 23 IITs in the country.

Sources told The Indian Express that IIT Hyderabad, to begin with, will add another 40 seats next year, IIT Mandi will add 50; IIT Patna 25; IIT Ropar 105 seats and IIT Jammu 30 seats.

The older IITs witnessed their biggest hike in B.Tech seats at the time of implementing the 27 per cent OBC reservation. In 2008, before the quota was introduced, there were about 4,000 undergraduate seats among these seven institutions. Now, together, they account for close to 6,500 seats.


The IIT Council — the highest decision-making body of the premier engineering schools — had given an in-principle approval to the ministry’s suggestion to increase their student strength from 72,000 to 1 lakh over the next three years until 2020. This, in effect, meant the institutes would collectively aim to add 4,000 B.Tech seats each year until 2020 and 6,000 M.Tech and research seats each year over the next three years. Currently, there are close to 10,000 B.Tech seats among all 23 IITs.

To achieve this, the IITs would have to waive the condition which makes students stay compulsorily on campus. In other words, the institutes will depend on admitting more non-resident students. All the 23 IITs were asked to assess their capacity and resources and come up with a roadmap on how to achieve the overall proposed hike.

As many as 20 of the 23 IITs have sent their feedback to the HRD Ministry this month of which only five are said to have completely agreed with the proposal. None of the seven older IITs is on board as far as increasing undergraduate seats are concerned, said sources. “They are interested in taking in more M.Tech and Ph.D students,” said a source.

“The older IITs have reached their saturation point as far as admitting B.Tech aspirants is concerned. The onus is now on the newer lot to achieve the B.Tech increase suggested by the government,” said a director of one of the seven older IITs who spoke on the condition of anonymity.


“Hostel accommodation for new students cannot be arranged overnight. We have been asked to admit more non-residential students. But this is not possible for some of the institutes which are located in remote locations. How can IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur and Kharagpur do this? Finding rented accommodation near these institutes is very difficult. Students stay back late in the laboratories. They need to stay on campus,” said another director of one of the seven older IITs, who also did not wish to be identified.

Poor faculty strength is another reason why IITs have not accepted the government suggestion. While each IIT is supposed to maintain a ratio of one teacher for 10 students, the ratio now is one for 15. There are an estimated 2500 faculty vacancies across the IITs. Of the seven IITs which figured in the top 700 of the QS world rankings this year, six have slipped several places compared to last year. IIT Madras was the only exception which improved its ranking by five places to join the top 250 club.

PE ‘Cinderella subject’ for too long, says report

PE class

The status of physical education in schools needs a “radical shake-up” and it should be valued in the same way as core academics subjects, a report says.

A study by the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on a Fit and Healthy Childhood says PE has for too long been the “Cinderella subject” in UK schools.

The group recommends a personalised PE programme for each individual child.

It says PE is key to developing a life-long passion for physical activity and to reducing levels of obesity.

The APPG study says PE for the 21st Century should reflect the many ways children can express themselves physically and should move away from “skill drill lessons”.

And children should be given greater opportunity to explore what sort of alternative physical activity might suit them, using the natural and outside world as well as sports-specific environments.

The study says girls in particular can be put off by a focus on competitive sports and “run the risk of becoming disenfranchised from physical activity”.

“This could be addressed by ensuring that PE lessons offer a wider type of physical activity, to cater for different tastes and abilities,” it says.

“These might include general physical activity such as running and climbing, non-competitive activities such as yoga and dance and individual sports such as swimming.”

The APPG report makes a wide range of recommendations, including:

  • increasing the number of specialist PE teachers in primary schools
  • having a designated physical activity co-ordinator in every early years setting
  • creating teams in every school dedicated to promoting all types of physical activity
  • all schools examining how they can improve the PE experience for disabled children
  • embedding PE into all teacher training programmes

It says: “If PE is regarded as providing solutions for a variety of objectives (eg increasing academic attainment, improving behaviour), it should be valued as such.

“It should have the same status, credibility and funding as the core academic subjects.”

The study adds: “If PE is to be treated on an equal basis with other subjects in the curriculum, care must be taken in assessing children’s physical literacy, using nationally prepared guidelines that do not undermine a child’s confidence and inhibit them from participating according to their own pace and individual needs in PE programmes.”

Secondary school Sats resits scrapped

Old Sats paperPlans to make all children who fail their end-of-primary-school tests sit them again in secondary have been scrapped in a government U-turn.

The plans had sparked outrage from teachers who feared some children would be labelled as failures on arrival at secondary school.

Education Secretary Justine Greening said instead children would be offered support to catch up lost ground.

She also assured teachers no new tests would be introduced before 2018.

inRead invented by Teads

Additionally, the spelling and grammar test for seven-year-olds introduced in 2015-16 is to remain non-compulsory for schools next year.

The changes come after a difficult academic year for the Department for Education over assessment.

As new tests were introduced, teachers complained materials and information were slow to materialise and there were a number of leaks live test material.

In a written statement, Ms Greening said: “Summer 2016 saw the first pupils taking the new assessments in English and mathematics at the end of primary school.

“They were set against the new national curriculum, which has been benchmarked against what the highest-performing countries around the world are teaching their children.

“As a result, the new assessments rightly raised the bar on what we expect pupils to have been taught by the age of 11, better preparing them for secondary school and beyond.”

‘Stretching pace’

But she said teachers had risen to that challenge with 66% of pupils meeting or exceeding the new “expected standard” in reading, 70% in maths and 74% in writing

Ms Greening said: “The pace and scale of these changes has been stretching.

“Our objective is to make sure that children are ready for the next stage of their education.

“We know, and Ofsted inspectors understand, that the 2016 assessments and results mark a break with the past and are not comparable with the preceding years.”

In recognition of this, Ms Greening said no school would face any intervention, such as being taken over and turned into an academy, on the basis of these results alone.

On the climb down over Year 7 resits, she said: “Rather, we will focus on the steps needed to ensure a child catches up lost ground.

‘Real challenges’

“High-quality resit papers will be made available for teachers to use if they wish, as part of their ongoing assessments.

“In addition, we will introduce a targeted package of support to make sure that struggling pupils are supported by teachers to catch up in year 7.”

Shadow education secretary Angela Rayner said: “Under the Tories parents and teachers are struggling to navigate their way through the government’s constant chopping and changing to exams and assessments.

“The chaos surrounding results year on year is creating confusion for parents, who are struggling to identify how to support their child to improve, and extra bureaucracy for school leaders and teachers, who are finding it extremely difficult to plan ahead to ensure high quality education for children.”

Kim Johnson, president of National Association of Head Teachers, said: “Secondary leaders will welcome the government’s plans to halt planned resits of Sats in Year 7.

“These tests would not have helped children or teachers.”

Christine Keates, head of the Nasuwt teaching union, said: “It appears that the Secretary of State has now recognised the real challenges around statutory end of key-stage assessment.

“The recognition that there were problems with the 2015/16 data, and that because of this no schools should face harsh sanctions solely on the basis of that data, is a welcome step towards relieving the pressure and anxiety some schools have been experiencing.”

Cycles for winstrol

Women have used this drug very effectively to their benefit and found it to be the most useful for achieving a toned look. It has to be noted that they need not consume winstrol more than 10mg a day and usually it is consumed before or with food, and plenty water intake has be ensured. A cycle of four weeks works best for women and it can be alternated after every two days with the 10mg dosage level.

Image result for Cycles for winstrol

For men the dosage level is a little higher compared to women and they have to have a cycle of six to eight weeks to get good results more than this would lead to liver damage and other health risks. The maximum dosage level of 50mg per day would suffice the needs of bodybuilding. Sportsmen at competitive levels may double the dose to 100mg but this practice should not be more than two weeks at a stretch.

Women are required to take a lesser quantity because it can lead to androgenic or masculine characteristics on the body. Every anabolic steroid has side effects; they can only be lowered by good exercise and to have a good professional medical expert to guide you. This way you may have a great body outside but failing organs outside which won’t help you show off your great body for long.

The toxicity of this steroid or any medication can harm the liver, but since all this is done assuming under medical supervision there is no need to be afraid to use to the product, because alcohol and tobacco have caused much more harm to the liver than the consumption of winstrol.

The drug can be taken in a variety of combinations with other steroids or supplements during the cutting cycle and it can be taken in oral or injectable form makes interesting combos with other steroids. The cycles of which can tabulated differently for different persons accordingly to their needs and body conditions under the table guidance of medical professionals.

The drug is found in the suspension form which is intravenously administered. This form is considered more effective than other form such as pills or powders etc.

This drug has been effectively used to solve people who have had prolonged association of the corticosteroids. The burn victims can have the benefit of using this drug to get the tissue repaired caused by the burns. Serious bone fractures are efficiently healed by the use of this drug. It has been effectively used in the treatment of some of the forms of breast cancers. And it no doubt one of the main choices of medical experts for use in therapy as it is one of the only steroids which haven’t lost the approval of the FDA.

Winstrol, also known as Winny V has the benefit by consuming orally and as well as being injectable. This is one of the rare steroids where it does not break away in the liver and if consumed orally will not take away the spectacular effect it has on muscles building process even after the cycle has ended.

Yale offers scholarship for high school students

Yale offers scholarship for high school students

New Delhi: The Yale Young Global Scholars Programme (YYGS) for the year 2017 is now open for school students of Class 10 and 11 and they can apply, the university said on Thursday.

YYGS is an academic enrichment and leadership development programme that brings together outstanding high school students from around the world for intensive two-week sessions on the Yale campus. In 2016, YYGS hosted over 1,300 students from over 100 different countries.

The programme is sponsored by Yale University and will commence next year in the months of June and July.

“YYGS exemplified how young men and women from around the world can bring the world together in empathy and cooperation,” Leon Tsai, a 2016 YYGS Politics, Law, and Economics student, said in a statement.

“As the next generation of leaders, we can step up and make the world a better place,” he said.

This year the programme will include two new sessions — the Frontiers of Math & Science session (FMS), and Sustainable Development & Social Entrepreneurship (SDSE) — in addition to its other four sessions.

The four usual sessions offered through the scholarship are Applied Science & Engineering (ASE); International Affairs & Security (IAS); Politics, Law, & Economics (PLE); and Biological & Biomedical Science (BBS).

In all six sessions, selected students will receive lectures from Yale faculty, and Yale under-graduate and graduate students. The deadline for applying to the scholarship is January 31, 2017.

Individual institutes may soon decide their own fee structure

More autonomy for IITs: Individual institutes may soon decide their own fee structure

New Delhi: The IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) may no longer have to consult with their apex governing council about their fee structure.

It is hoped the autonomy to decide their own fee structure would save time and help boost efficiency.

“The Board of Governors is likely to be given the authority to decide the fee structure for the respective IIT. Currently, they are part of the fee deciding process but are not the final authority,” PTI quoted a source as saying.

However, it wasn’t immediately clear whether the idea, if approved, will be applicable to all IITs or limited campuses.

At present, the fee structure is determined by the IIT council, the top decision-making body, which is chaired by the Union human resource development minister and includes IIT directors and board of governors of each institute.

The IITs are autonomous public institutes of higher education. The 23 IITs are located in following cities: Bhilai, Chennai, Delhi, Dhanbad, Dharwad, Goa, Guwahati, Jammu, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Roorkee, Bhubaneswar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Mandi, Palakkad, Patna, Ropar, Tirupati and Varanasi.

Former HRD Minister Smriti Irani had in April announced an increase in the annual fees for undergraduate courses from existing Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 2 lakh, a rise of 122 percent, for new enrollments from the current academic session.

The Ministry had also decided to give a total fee waiver for the differently-abled, students from SC and ST community and those belonging to families wit